From local governments to national bodies, many places across the world have successfully implemented user-pays stormwater utility charges. Countries with fee systems include Germany, Canada, and the USA – with each of these modelled to suit their local needs and stormwater requirements.
Particularly in the USA & Canada, stormwater charges are implemented at a local municipal level – and address key stormwater conveyance issues. Each jurisdiction may have different approaches due to the differences in pollution in each local area, but they carry many commonalities and incorporate user-pays pricing for properties with impervious surfaces.
For example, in the US state of Virginia, the Stormwater Utility Charge systems that fund the protection of Chesapeake Bay include multiple state and city areas – Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, Delaware, Pennsylvania, and New York state, plus the federal capital city of Washington.